How long does it take to boil rice on the stove?

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How long does it take to boil rice on the stove? This is a question we get asked all the time since the start of Let’s dive in, but first, let’s talk about a little about the main rice types. Rice are typically classified as long-, medium-, and short-grained. The grains of long-grain rice (high in amylose) tend to remain intact after cooking; medium-grain rice (high in amylopectin) becomes more sticky. Medium-grain rice is used for sweet dishes, for risotto in Italy, and many rice dishes, such as arròs negre, in Spain. Some varieties of long-grain rice that are high in amylopectin, known as Thai Sticky rice, are usually steamed. A stickier medium-grain rice is used for sushi; the stickiness allows rice to hold its shape when molded. Medium-grain rice is used extensively in Japan, including to accompany savoury dishes, where it is usually served plain in a separate dish. Short-grain rice is often used for rice pudding. [1]

Rice may be soaked to decrease cooking time, conserve fuel, minimize exposure to high temperature, and reduce stickiness. For some varieties, soaking improves the texture of the cooked rice by increasing expansion of the grains. Rice may be soaked for 30 minutes up to several hours.[2]

Combine rice, liquid, salt, and butter or margarine (see Rice Cooking Chart below for details) in 2- to 3-quart saucepan. Heat to boiling; stir once or twice. Reduce heat to low; cover tightly and simmer (see cook times below).  Remove carefully and fluff with a fork.  If rice is not quite tender or liquid is not absorbed, replace lid and cook two to four minutes longer.

  • White Rice – 20 minutes
  • Whole Grain Rice (e.g., Brown Rice) – 40 to 45 minutes
  • Parboiled Rice – 25 to 30 minutes

Below are the approximate liquid ratios and cooking times for rice most commonly used at home and in foodservice.  For best results, refer to the package instructions to verify the proper ratio of liquid to rice and cooking time for the specific rice you are using.


How long will it take? Rice boil times by rice types

Rice TypeParts Liquid to 1 Part Rice (by volume)Cooking Time
White, long grain rice215 to 18 minutes
White, medium grain rice1 ½15 to 18 minutes
White, short grain rice1 ¼15 to 18 minutes
Brown, medium or long grain rice2 ¼40 to 45 minutes
Parboiled rice2 ¼20 minutes
Parboiled, brown rice2 ¼25 minutes
U.S. jasmine, white rice215 to 18 minutes
U.S. basmati, white rice215 to 18 minutes
U.S. arborio rice420 to 30 minutes
Wild Rice rice340 to 50 minutes
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